Without women: Taliban scholars' meeting

0
46

The Taliban's first major gathering on national issues was an all-male event. It mainly served to confirm the leadership.

Start of the “Assembly of Afghan religious and legal scholars”

For the first time since taking power, the Taliban have held a large gathering of Islamic scholars and some tribal elders from different parts of the country. The three-day event in Kabul, which ended last Saturday, was based on the traditional model of the so-called “grand assembly” or loya jirga, where eminent representatives of various ethnic and social groups deliberate on issues of national concern. However, the Taliban did not call their assembly Loja Jirga, but rather the Assembly of the Ulema, ie the religious and legal scholars of Afghanistan. The Loya Jirga institution played an important role in the installation of the pro-Western government under Hamid Karzai after the fall of the Taliban in 2001/2002.

Security measures on the sidelines of the national meeting

The current meeting, organized by the Taliban, ended with no progress on women's rights and minority political participation. The question of when girls can go back to school from the sixth grade remained unanswered. The Taliban left DW's questions about women's rights, minorities or possible cooperation with international organizations unanswered.

“Foreign countries should not interfere”

“The Taliban wanted to show the world that they could hold the big traditional council meeting with the presence of influential people and tribal representatives,” former Afghan diplomat Asis Meraj told DW. More than 3,000 men had been invited to Kabul by the militant Islamist group. Above all, they should show their allegiance to the Taliban leader Haibatullah Achundsada, who for the first time since the Taliban took power last August. performed publicly in Kabul. In the assembly hall, he was greeted with cheers and chants, as reported by the AFP news agency. “Long live the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan” would have shouted those present.  They also called on the international community to recognize the Taliban government and unfreeze frozen state-funded accounts p>Support for Taliban leader Achundsada at Taliban meeting

The Taliban believe their supreme leader should decide how the country is run. Achundsada stressed at the gathering that he was “not a symbolic political leader relying on elections”. Rarely appearing in public, Achundsada bears the title “Leader of the Faithful” and is one of the founders of the Taliban movement. He proclaimed that he would enforce God's law in Afghanistan even if the world took action against the Taliban “with a nuclear bomb.” “We only listen to Allah Almighty.” He also prayed for the more than 1000 victims of the earthquake at the end of June.

The head of the Taliban expressly forbade interference from abroad: “They say: 'Why don't you do this, why don't you do that,'” Achundsada complained in a one-hour speech. “Why does the world interfere in our work?” The Taliban representatives in contact with foreign countries would have to “endure hardships” because “the world will not easily accept that you implement the Islamic system”. In doing so, he also indirectly rejected repeated calls by the international community to respect women's rights.

“Modern education” is just lip service

Since taking power, the Taliban have continuously restricted the rights of Afghan women and girls. So it was no surprise that there were no women among the 3,000 delegates at the gathering. Women in Afghanistan had long fought for a political say in the Loya Jirga, which is intended to clarify national and ethnic problems. In 2019, President Ashraf Ghani, who was driven out by the Taliban, implemented a women's quota of 30 percent at the assembly. In 2020, around 700 women attended the Loya Jirga. Today, women and girls experienced “that all the progress made in recent years is being reversed,” said the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, on Friday at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva. The future of women in Afghanistan will be even bleaker if something doesn't change quickly in Kabul: higher education has so far been blocked

How this change could be achieved is unclear. The US special envoy for Afghan women and girls, Rina Amiri, recently admitted via Twitter that pressure from the international community has so far resulted in no progress for Afghan women, girls and other vulnerable population groups. Former Afghan President Hamid Karzai sees the inclusion of the phrase “religious and modern education” in the final resolution of the assembly as an indication that the girls could be about to return to secondary schools. However, in an interview with the FAZ, he conceded that there has been no progress so far in terms of the participation of all social groups that most Afghans want.

Collaboration: Ahmad Hakimi