The news of the go-ahead from the European Parliament to the Commission's proposal on the interruption of the sale of endothermic cars starting from 2035 has fragmented public opinion – in the balance between those who fear the inevitable crisis in the sector and those who marry this decisive crisis green turning point – and raised a thick bevy of shields.
Between the skepticism of some Member States, trade unions and even car manufacturers (which are accelerating the transition in any case), and the push towards mobility ; more sustainable, the questions that have remained open are numerous. The automotive world & egrave; really ready for complete electrification in such times; close? What are the possible scenarios that will emerge in the near future? Let's try to make the point in this article.
- THE EUROPEAN DIRECTIVE
- THE THEME OF SUSTAINABILITY & Agrave; ENVIRONMENTAL
- LEVATE DI SCUDI
- PHOTOGRAPHY OF ITALY
- THE RACE TO THE ELECTRIC
The news has been going on for some time and the theme is; on everyone's lips for months, not to say years, but it is; always good to start with a short summary before going into reflections. On 7 June, the European Parliament said s & igrave; to stop the sales of internal combustion cars & ndash; namely cars powered by diesel, petrol, LPG, methane and hybrids & ndash; starting from 2035. The majority was not at all obvious: 339 votes in favor, those against 249 against (in addition to 24 abstentions). The proposal, put forward by the European Commission, is; one of the cornerstones of the EU's Fit for 55 plan, a package of legislative proposals that updates and reformulates certain European regulations to achieve the climate goals of the Green Deal by 2030. Among these, the commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% and achieve complete decarbonisation by 2050.
The legislative process in which the text will be; submitted prior to any final approval & egrave; for & ograve; still winding and will have to; overcome the confrontation between the competent committees of the Parliament, the Council, the Commission and the governments of the Member States, with the final decision estimated for the autumn.
THE THEME OF SUSTAINABILITY? ENVIRONMENTAL
The text matrix & egrave clearly sustainable footprint . May the world of transport affect the environment & egrave; what is known and unfair: the sector & egrave; in fact accused of being responsible for 27-29% of global greenhouse gas emissions (source: BloombergNEF, data based on Europe and the United States). From an environmental point of view, the electric car wins hands down compared to its internal combustion counterpart: according to some studies, in their life cycle, electric cars emit three times less CO2 of petrol and diesel models. However, there is no shortage of knots to be solved and the real & ldquo; environmental & rdquo; will not be able to happen if you do not resort to exclusively (or mostly) to renewable energy sources for car charging. Without neglecting the issue of battery production and disposal, processes that certainly do not skimp on emissions.
RISES OF SHIELDS
Among the first detractors of the legislation we find the trade unions and associations of the sector. From the employment point of view, in fact, the estimates are anything but rosy: ANFIA (National Association of the Automobile Industry Sector) claims that they are more; of 70 thousand jobs at risk in the sector in Italy , especially concerning the production of components that will no longer be needed with the electric one, such as pistons, cylinders and injectors. These are losses which, for the association, will not be compensated by the new professionals; linked to the electrification of vehicles and which multiply if extended to other member countries.
Unsurprisingly, the wave of distrust that has swept away many of the Member States, with Italy leading the way. The basic request of the authorities governmental tricolor sides lined up against a passage more & ugrave; gradual to & rsquo; electrification of & ldquo; mass & rdquo; and a lengthening of the timing. Italy would in fact be ready to advance the request to postpone the stop to 2040, five years after the deadline set by the EU, and to bring up the name of neutrality & agrave; technology , a flexible approach that considers the different technologies available – without verticalization on the & rsquo; electricity & ndash; to reduce CO2 emissions.
Germany too & egrave; said in disagreement with the European directives, without neglecting the central role in the ecological transition and in the impulse to mobility; electricity covered so far, and intends to maintain the sale of internal combustion engines after 2035, as long as they are powered by synthetic fuels.
THE PHOTOGRAPHY OF ITALY
Europe bans internal combustion engines, but are motorists really ready to say goodbye? The data published on the Ecobonus portal take an eloquent picture of the situation: the 170 million euros made available by the Ministry of Economic Development for the purchase of cars with internal combustion engines ended in three weeks from the start of reservations . Italians are still attached to the internal combustion engine, therefore, a bond that does not weaken even in the face of the surge in fuel prices, the climate emergency and recent European intentions (although, at the moment, the European Parliament did not yet have legislated). And that is further strengthened by the still high costs of electric cars and by the infrastructural limitations of the charging ecosystem.
A short time span, but slightly extended compared to expectations, which marks s & igrave; the favor of endothermic over electricity, but which could also embody a further sign of market fatigue. After all, the automotive sector is; all today harassed by phenomena such as the aftermath of the pandemic, the chip crisis, the slowdown in production and the increase in the costs of raw materials and energy, all reasons why the current year is; started uphill and is proceeding slowly, with rather discouraging numbers (in Europe, in May, registrations fell by 11.2% compared to the same period of 2021, according to data from ACEA).
For its part, the climate package of Europe promises measures that facilitate the production and sale of battery or hydrogen vehicles, such as the expansion of the charging infrastructure, the installation of columns every 60 kilometers, the increase in taxation on fuels and the reduction of those related to electricity. Clearly ambitious and difficult to achieve goals in this way; tightly, but which could inject new lymph into the electrical compartment.
THE ELECTRIC RUN
The race to electric of the automobile lawsuits started well before the green light of the European Parliament, a move who knows & agrave; from pension instincts and from the drive for innovation: & egrave; in fact already & agrave; for some time the producers have sensed a similar scenario and are preparing for a future 100% electric range. Volkswagen, for example, had decided to electrify the fleet well before the directive, with Audi and Ford ready to produce only battery-powered models from 2026; similar story for BMW, which intends to plug 50% of the car fleet by 2030, the year in which Volvo promises to become a brand of electric cars only. Even Stellantis, in eight years, will propose & agrave; an entirely green price list.
Among the advantages of this shared objective are the consequences to which increased competition would lead, first of all greater competitiveness; of prices, which would smooth out the sharp corners of a notoriously & ldquo; sharp & rdquo; from an economic point of view. For the coveted democratic electric car, which is around 20,000 euros, there will be; however still to wait. But not too much: Volkswagen already has; announced its intention to launch several models at higher costs; accessible compared to the current ones in circulation.
The conditions, therefore, are there, but the knots to be solved are still numerous and, in order to access a precise picture of the situation, it is necessary & agrave; follow the further developments of the matter. The appointment is at the next European meetings, which we will tell you about, as always, on HDmotori .
Other sources consulted for the writing of the article:
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