Search and rescue – what Germany is planning and why is it so difficult?


Germany is working on an interim solution for the distribution of distress in the Mediterranean sea rescued migrants. So a new beginning for the EU-migration is to be found policy, which is in deep crisis.

Behind the current dispute over boat refugees, a much larger dispute, namely, the fixed distribution rates for migrants in the EU. It was the Germans who suggested in the Wake of the refugee crisis in 2015/16 on the EU Commission a “solidarity-based distribution mechanism” were. However, some countries – notably Poland and Hungary – do not want to today do not oblige migrants to this record. They argue instead for better protection of the external borders of the EU, but it is progressing slowly.

Elsewhere, it falters. Actually, there is, in fact, a sophisticated set of rules for the asylum and refugee policy rules in the EU, the so-called “Dublin” -. For years, and despite several attempts, but a Reform is not progressing. On a Reform in the Mediterranean to push. Because according to the “Dublin” have to deal with those States to refugees, in which refugees first EU-have entered the ground – and this applies primarily to Greece, Italy and Spain. Many hope that the new EU Commission President, the German Ursula von der Leyen. A legislative package on the Reform of the Dublin rules stuck for years. Von der Leyen, a reboot on your Agenda. She is a long-time Confidante of Chancellor Merkel.

Quick solution for boat refugees being considered

The Situation of boat refugees in the Mediterranean sea intensified in the past few months, because the EU was the solution. After four years, the EU has been set-Navy Mission is “Sophia” in the spring of 2019. Thousands of migrants were rescued by Navy vessels in the Mediterranean. But Italy’s then-government refused to grant an extension of the Mission on the grounds that a EU-wide distribution mechanism is missing.

However, a boat of refugees came, after a shipwreck, especially with private rescue vessels. Because Italy blocked the entrance in its ports, had to endure the people last week on the ships. Parallel was negotiated in a kind of telephone diplomacy between the EU-countries, who could take. Germany had declared on several occasions ready to do so.

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Mediterranean sea: rescue from the air

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Mediterranean sea: rescue from the air

Now a fixed recording ratio of a number of EU States to defuse the Situation. At a Meeting in Malta, five EU want to advise the Minister of the interior, together with representatives of the EU Commission. The German interior Minister Horst Seehofer had a fixed quota for Germany. The speech was of a quarter. Up to a total solution, such an interim solution is better than the current procedure, it said.

How Berlin is pushing for a solution, shows a review. Originally Seehofer had other plans. The refugees should be brought to the so-called “Landing platforms” in North Africa, so in a special camp and an asylum procedure. However, there are no countries that wanted to participate were there. So now a new attempt.

Fear of Pull-effects

But also on the internal political solution proposals encounter resistance. Seehofer got a lot of criticism from her own party and family. “We are not allowed to set incentives that the tractor’s function is so to speak, a permanent institution,” warned the CDU-chief of Thuringia, Mike Mohring. He fear that the new temporaries would, ultimately, to long-term facilities. Thus, the AfD would be strengthened, so Mohring. The German right-wing populists use the migration theme as a template in the political debate. You must not pledge, said the parliamentary leader of the CSU in Bavaria, Thomas Kreuzer. 2015/16 you will have seen that there are consequences could have, if you set the wrong incentives, “that, in fact, hundreds of thousands on the road”. Also by the FDP and the AfD, there was criticism.

Therefore, the Federal government invited the Minister of the interior in Berlin on short notice to a press conference to correct “misinformation”, as Seehofer said. The Federal government was “light years of a Change in the migration policy,” said Seehofer. Looking back, 225 in the past 15 months in the Mediterranean sea, rescued people in Germany have been included. In addition, 340 security checks were still under way. Of a “Open the floodgates” could not be the speech. Finally, in 2019, would come to a total of probably 140 – to 150,000 migrants.

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Nesreins escape from Libya

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“To have to return my end would have meant”

Seehofer promised, there is no Pull will give effects. Those who feared the incentives for increased flight movements could forget “their troubles”. “Shuttle ships” which regularly pick up migrants on the Libyan coast and in Italy, bring to Land, should not give it. Seehofer announced discussions with NGOs, the rescue operation and spoke out against a “direct or indirect support of the smugglers”.

How big is the “coalition of the willing”it?

Berlin expects around a dozen volunteer States to participate in a fixed distribution rate. Other EU to reject countries, is now rated as less tragic. He supported the concept of “flexible solidarity”, says Seehofer. Countries that wanted to participate, could do with staff, police and Finance their contribution. To wait until all 27 EU member States are in agreement, described Seehofer would not be helpful. Then it will never be a solution.

Horst Seehofer calls for a distribution ratio

How high could be the German rate, is probably the only festival in October. The EU interior Ministers will on 8. October with the deal. Only when it was clear how many countries were battling it out, he could also give information about the height of the German quota, so Seehofer. This depends also on the number of participants. All would participate, would be the rate of welfare at 22 percent.

Until the end of August of 68,000 migrants across the Mediterranean to Europe, most ended up in Spain. The Figures are comparatively moderate. This is due to the fact that all three Mediterranean routes, in the meantime, bilateral agreements. In the West, between Spain and Morocco, in the middle between Italy and Libya, in the East, between the EU and Turkey. But in Greece a lot more people to come currently, the protection in the EU. There were whole other dimensions and challenges, – said Seehofer.