In the Sudan it seems to be done: After 30 years of Repression of the civilian population should have a say in the destiny of the country in the future. Different in Algeria: Here are the people demonstrated for months against the military .
In Sudan, the military and the protest movement signed an Agreement in Algeria will be further demonstrated
Sudan and Algeria: In both countries, the military had the Power for decades in the grip. In both countries, the civil society has suffered under decades of state Repression is enormous. In both countries, the people demand justice and democracy. While in the Sudan, in the meantime, an agreement with the army was achieved, the mass protests in Algeria still. Hundreds of thousands of people conquer every Friday the streets to show that you have not given up after half a year, and continue to be, until their demands are met. The South African Institute for security studies noted recently that protesters have reached in Algeria, “far more than observers had predicted.”
The most important achievement of the uprising and the resignation of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika after twenty years in office. Rather than, as planned, for a fifth term set up, he resigned and did not re-candidacy. A number of politicians and business people, which has long been suspected of corruption were arrested.
There is a way out for the protesters in Algeria from the impasse?
But since then, the protest movement has experiences no success more to list. A real new beginning in political terms, the Algerians didn’t come closer. The Regime of the Algerian chief of staff Ahmed Gaid Salah shows the demands of the demonstrators deaf. So the army chief for early presidential elections argues, the protest movement, however, want to wait with the election until Gaid Salah and interim President Abdelkader Bensalah have resigned. This, in turn, the Regime rejects.
Army is not afraid of profound Changes
A discussion of the Constitution and far-reaching structural reforms to prevent the military under all circumstances. Instead of pushing it out as quickly as possible, new elections are to be held. To realize this, was created in July, a “National dialogue Commission”. “We must lose no more time,” said the 79-year-old Gaid Salah and claimed, “all the fundamental demands” of the demonstrators had by now “met entirely”, only the last stage of the presidential election is still open. “Irrational demands”, such as the withdrawal of all state officials, had to give up the protest movement.
Algeria’s Ex-President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (l) and chief of staff Ahmed Gaid Salah (R) – the real man of Power
These declines, in turn, the created dialogue between the Commission and insists on the resolution that makes a circle that has dominated for decades, with the Ex-President Bouteflika the country. That it is the people’s movement has so far failed to give a lead, to clarify claims and negotiations, complicates the situation. And so the political Situation has become six months after the beginning of the peaceful mass protests in Algeria untenable.
The Sudan as a model
Rachid Ouissa, Director of the center for middle East studies at the Institute for political science at the University of Marburg, for the standstill, the army is responsible. She was not ready for giving up their privileges. The path that went to the Sudan could be, also for Algeria is possible, says Ouissa: “A dialogue between the army and the demonstrators, a power-sharing during the transitional phase, in order to give the army the opportunity to gradually withdraw from the political process, a transitional government and finally a Constitution.”
General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, head of the Sovereign Council, in the Sudan, the civilians belong to
Also the opposition “Socialist Forces Front” called for only a few days ago the Algerian authorities and the army to the Sudan, to be inspired, to overcome the current crisis in Algeria. “The Sudanese example should animate the rulers of Algeria, to open a reputable, inclusive, transparent and unconditional dialogue for a democratic Transition. It has already taken the necessary steps to the success of this Dialogue, as the release of political prisoners”, – stated in the Declaration.
Differences to the Sudan
In the case of all example and all the similarities, There are significant differences between the Sudan and Algeria, says Ouissa. The Algerian Opposition was “far more scattered than its Sudanese counterpart. The army has also managed a part of the Opposition to poach.” Also a Problem was that the Algerian Opposition is rejecting any interference from the outside. The Sudanese breakthrough did not succeed, however, without foreign mediation. The negotiations took place with the support of Ethiopia and the African Union.
Ouissa sees fundamental differences in the history and composition of the armies of the two countries: “first of all, the Algerian army was legitimated by a Revolution. Secondly, she is socially very present.”
Unlike the isolated the Sudan, the Algerian military also, keep relations with the West and play in the Mediterranean and in Africa, a strategically relevant role, such as in Libya and Mali. And it’ll be supported by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The king is known to be rich in the Gulf are not exactly Hoards of democracy. There, you will observe, therefore, the outcome of the democratic experiment in Algeria, exactly. Because, of Ouissa is convinced: success of democracy in Algeria would have an impact on the Rest of the Arab world, definitely.