Magellan and the first circumnavigation of the World

0
25

Navigator Ferdinand Magellan found in 1520 on the southern tip of the Americas, the West passage, linking the Atlantic and the Pacific ocean. Tax he has to pay his company to find a West course to India.

  • Around the world

    Posthumously a Hero

    Two years, eleven months and two weeks, the “Victoria” was commissioned by the Spanish crown on the road. The ship was one of five which captain Ferdinand Magellan had set sail in September 1519 by the Spanish Sanlucar. The arrival in 1522 did not live to see Magellan, as most of the 244 members of the crew. As pioneers of the circumnavigation of the world, you are not forgotten until today.

  • Around the world

    Epoch-Making Discovery

    Magellan’s mission: to Find the Western route to the spice Islands in Indonesia! An Alternative to the hazardous sea route around Cape horn in South Africa. At the southern tip of South America, he discovered a nondescript Strait, the Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean – the Strait of Magellan. Today it is used by ships, and especially for Chile, there is a direct access to the Atlantic ocean.

  • Around the world

    In 80 days around the world

    In his novel “In 80 days around the world” sent to the French author Jules Verne, once the eccentric Gentleman Phileas Fogg in a race around the world. Who will win today, the Jules Verne Trophy, was the fastest in the world circumnavigation by sailing boat. In this race, teams compete against each other. In contrast to the Vendée Globe.

  • Around the world

    The toughest race in the world

    The Vendée Globe is the best single-handed sailors in the world compete. Since 1989, the Regatta will be held. Start and finish all four years of the town of Les Sables-d’olonne on the French Atlantic coast. Because of the Route along the southern sea this Regatta is considered to be the toughest in the world. The winners will be celebrated at the arrival as a hero. Until now, no woman was among them.

  • Around the world

    The fastest woman in the world

    In the case of the Vendée Globe, the Briton Ellen MacArthur became the Second, but she wanted more: a world record. Be faster than all the others. On 28.11.2004, you broke up with your 22-Meter-long Trimaran “B&Q”. She managed the lonely pursuit of a record: 71 days, 14 hours, 18 minutes and 33 seconds. For three years she was the fastest single-handed sailor in the world.

  • Around the world

    With the solar-powered boat around the world

    A trip around the world brings together people who want to explore the limits of the feasible. The “Tûranor planetsolar” is the change the result of such a collaboration of Swiss, German and new Zealanders. Between 2010 and 2012, walked around your boat only powered by solar energy in 585 days, the world. The entire ceiling is made up of 38,000 solar cells.

  • Around the world

    With solar energy through the air

    The solar-powered variant of the skies, the Solar Impulse, the Swiss Bertrand Piccard is. In March 2015, he embarked on a world tour, which ended after a nine-month hiatus in July 2016 in Abu Dhabi. Not the record hunt is what drives him, but his Vision of environment-friendly, energy-efficient aircraft. Over ten years of development work have gone into the “Solar Impulse”.

  • Around the world

    With the hot-air balloon around the world

    The American multi-millionaire Steve Fossett († 2007), prior to his “Bud Light Spirit of Freedom” hot-air balloon after he on 4. July 2002 gently in the Australian Outback had landed. 14 days he needed, and lowered the record of his competitors, Betrand Piccard. The was three years earlier, 19 days on the road. For Piccard, was the First ever Non-Stop circumnavigation of the hot air balloon managed.

  • Around the world

    HP-Pioneer

    In the case of a circumnavigation of the world, it is important to cross all the longitudes of the globe once. Since man and machine to their limits. The Berliner Heidi Hetzer († 2019) dared to 79 years, the adventure and broke in with a Hudson Great Eight, built in 1930, to a trip around the world. They followed the tracks of Clärenore Stinnes, the first to circumnavigate man of 1927-1929 in a car in the world.

  • Around the world

    In the world of running

    A mountain guide and athlete through and through, Serge Roetheli, was Born in 1955. He jogged unimaginable 40,000 kilometers around the world. 64 Pairs of shoes are gone. His wife, Nicole, accompanied him on the motorcycle. Five years, the two were on the way, until they arrived in April 2005 in Switzerland. Along the way, they accumulated $ 400,000 (reached 356,000 Euro) donations.

  • Around the world

    From Saalfeld to the world

    Hardly, the wall had fallen in 1989, rode the two friends-Axel Brümmer (left) and Peter bell-ringer in their saddles. 29. June 1990 they left the Thuringian town of Saalfeld behind. 80,000 miles, 50 countries and five years later they came with a lot of experiences richer back home. Were you started in the GDR, home they came in a re-unified Germany.

    Author: Anne Termèche


  • Around the world

    Posthumously a Hero

    Two years, eleven months and two weeks, the “Victoria” was commissioned by the Spanish crown on the road. The ship was one of five which captain Ferdinand Magellan had set sail in September 1519 by the Spanish Sanlucar. The arrival in 1522 did not live to see Magellan, as most of the 244 members of the crew. As pioneers of the circumnavigation of the world, you are not forgotten until today.

  • Around the world

    Epoch-Making Discovery

    Magellan’s mission: to Find the Western route to the spice Islands in Indonesia! An Alternative to the hazardous sea route around Cape horn in South Africa. At the southern tip of South America, he discovered a nondescript Strait, the Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean – the Strait of Magellan. Today it is used by ships, and especially for Chile, there is a direct access to the Atlantic ocean.

  • Around the world

    In 80 days around the world

    In his novel “In 80 days around the world” sent to the French author Jules Verne, once the eccentric Gentleman Phileas Fogg in a race around the world. Who will win today, the Jules Verne Trophy, was the fastest in the world circumnavigation by sailing boat. In this race, teams compete against each other. In contrast to the Vendée Globe.

  • Around the world

    The toughest race in the world

    The Vendée Globe is the best single-handed sailors in the world compete. Since 1989, the Regatta will be held. Start and finish all four years of the town of Les Sables-d’olonne on the French Atlantic coast. Because of the Route along the southern sea this Regatta is considered to be the toughest in the world. The winners will be celebrated at the arrival as a hero. Until now, no woman was among them.

  • Around the world

    The fastest woman in the world

    In the case of the Vendée Globe, the Briton Ellen MacArthur became the Second, but she wanted more: a world record. Be faster than all the others. On 28.11.2004, you broke up with your 22-Meter-long Trimaran “B&Q”. She managed the lonely pursuit of a record: 71 days, 14 hours, 18 minutes and 33 seconds. For three years she was the fastest single-handed sailor in the world.

  • Around the world

    With the solar-powered boat around the world

    A trip around the world brings together people who want to explore the limits of the feasible. The “Tûranor planetsolar” is the change the result of such a collaboration of Swiss, German and new Zealanders. Between 2010 and 2012, walked around your boat only powered by solar energy in 585 days, the world. The entire ceiling is made up of 38,000 solar cells.

  • Around the world

    With solar energy through the air

    The solar-powered variant of the skies, the Solar Impulse, the Swiss Bertrand Piccard is. In March 2015, he embarked on a world tour, which ended after a nine-month hiatus in July 2016 in Abu Dhabi. Not the record hunt is what drives him, but his Vision of environment-friendly, energy-efficient aircraft. Over ten years of development work have gone into the “Solar Impulse”.

  • Around the world

    With the hot-air balloon around the world

    The American multi-millionaire Steve Fossett († 2007), prior to his “Bud Light Spirit of Freedom” hot-air balloon after he on 4. July 2002 gently in the Australian Outback had landed. 14 days he needed, and lowered the record of his competitors, Betrand Piccard. The was three years earlier, 19 days on the road. For Piccard, was the First ever Non-Stop circumnavigation of the hot air balloon managed.

  • Around the world

    HP-Pioneer

    In the case of a circumnavigation of the world, it is important to cross all the longitudes of the globe once. Since man and machine to their limits. The Berliner Heidi Hetzer († 2019) dared to 79 years, the adventure and broke in with a Hudson Great Eight, built in 1930, to a trip around the world. They followed the tracks of Clärenore Stinnes, the first to circumnavigate man of 1927-1929 in a car in the world.

  • Around the world

    In the world of running

    A mountain guide and athlete through and through, Serge Roetheli, was Born in 1955. He jogged unimaginable 40,000 kilometers around the world. 64 Pairs of shoes are gone. His wife, Nicole, accompanied him on the motorcycle. Five years, the two were on the way, until they arrived in April 2005 in Switzerland. Along the way, they accumulated $ 400,000 (reached 356,000 Euro) donations.

  • Around the world

    From Saalfeld to the world

    Hardly, the wall had fallen in 1989, rode the two friends-Axel Brümmer (left) and Peter bell-ringer in their saddles. 29. June 1990 they left the Thuringian town of Saalfeld behind. 80,000 miles, 50 countries and five years later they came with a lot of experiences richer back home. Were you started in the GDR, home they came in a re-unified Germany.

    Author: Anne Termèche


In Spain the 10. August 2019, an event celebrated, this was planned in any way – of 500. Anniversary of the start of the first circumnavigation of the World, initiated by Ferdinand Magellan. Already as a young boy, a knight proven in battle and storm-resistant sailor. However, it is not laid him in the cradle, to make the major contribution to the first circumnavigation of the earth.

Around 1480, Magellan is born in the North of Portugal. His family belongs to the lower nobility. As a staunch Catholic, the narrow religious worldview of the late middle ages and the idea that the world can throw Christianity to dominate him. Ferdinand is turning part of an epochal time, from the middle ages to modern times. So ChristophUS had researchers: Columbus ‘ ship found, Columbus in 1492 discovered America and to go to other sailors encouraged to always genere voyages of discovery, to discover new lands and legendary riches.

Careerist and warhorse

The beginning of the colonial period comes to Magellan’s interest to make a career. Already at a young age, he excels in military missions, probably in the top noble layer to ascend. In addition, it arrives with Portuguese spice and a war fleet for the first time to India or the Malay Peninsula. Military he is considered a daredevil with a very good Constitution. A total of eight years, he struggles in colonial theatres of war in Asia and North Africa.

Portrait Of Magellan

In 1512 he breaks up together with other sailors to travel to the spice Islands. Only there, on the fabled Islands, which belong to the group of the Moluccas in Southeast Asia, grows the nutmeg tree, and especially the clove. This precious exotic Flavour enhancers promise wealth, because the European markets are counterbalanced with Gold. Its share of the sale of the purchased spices secures first of all his existence, awakens but at the same time, the Desire for more.

Banner exchange

Starting in 1517 Ferdinand Magellan in annoyance sails over his king of Portugal under the Spanish flag. His service to the Lord is now king Charles I., and later as Charles V Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. “The Spanish theologian and writer Bartolomé de Las Casas describes Megallan as a small stature, and rather insignificant ausschauend,” says the historian Christian Jostmann. For this, he was but equipped with an exceptional Charisma. “If it came down to it, he was a brilliant salesman and self-promoter, who is able to inspire the people of his ideas and big goals.” No wonder, then, that the mariners can convince the Spanish king to make the money for a trip to the Moluccas locker.

Nutmeg is in the late middle ages with the Gold weighed

However, it is not only the prospect of wealth, the Charles I can agree with, but he also has political reasons: at the beginning of the 16th century. Century, Spain and Portugal divided up the known world among themselves. The ownership of the Moluccas, which are today part of Indonesia, are not clear. A course around the Cape of Good hope at the southern tip of Africa is out of the question, because it is blocked by the Portuguese. In order to avoid claimed territory of the Portuguese cross plans, Magellan, to make a Western sea route to the Moluccas in South East Asia to find. Since Columbus had tried until then had around 500 ships in vain to find a Passage through the American land mass.

The Moluccas-Armada – five reconditioned, with cannons equipped ships leaves at 10. August 1519 Seville and drive to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, on the Atlantic ocean. From there, the fleet stands at 20. In September 1519 with approximately 240-man crew in the lake.

Sailor-Romance: None

The Fleet Of Magellan

“To be rich, to start for Spain colonies, to authorize Christian, and on the personal level, the prospect of social advancement – with these objectives, stitch says Magellan in the lake”, a historian Christoph Jostmann, who has worked extensively with the Portuguese. In his latest book, “Magellan and The first circumnavigation of the earth”, he describes vividly what the Initiator and his companions experienced on this first circumnavigation of the globe: storms, lack of wind, Hunger, thirst, disease, mutiny, and deadly conflicts with indigenous peoples. “It had nothing to do with seafaring romanticism,” says Jostmann: “living with about 50 men for months on a wooden tub. Might have had a walk-in area of 150 square meters, no sanitation, no kitchen, no privacy. The food was modest, medical care, there were hardly any, and the uncertainty of a sky travel command.”

First of all, the fleet will sail to the Canary Islands; then to the African coast up to Sierra Leone. At the narrowest point, they crossed the Atlantic where it meets the South American continent, where today Rio de Janeiro is located. It continues, the South American East coast – always on the search for the hypothetical to the West. All of this turns out to be a very time-consuming. The fleet has to spend the winter, the supply situation is becoming more and more difficult, the mood on Board of the ships getting worse and worse. There is a mutiny.

The sea route to the West

The Strait of Magellan separates Tierra del Fuego from the mainland

Magellan remains stubbornly On 21. October, 1520, he discovered a Cape, and runs between the southern tip of the South American continent and the island of Tierra del Fuego in an extensive Labyrinth of waterways, although while a first ship is lost. Another ship uses the confusion to flee back to Spain. However, the long-awaited Passage through this storm-tossed waters, is found with a lot of luck. Six weeks, the shrunken Armada needed to reach the Pacific ocean.

From the South-East of the Pacific ocean, it is three and a half months, in an arc in a North-westerly direction, to encounter only on inhabited Islands. Hunger, thirst, and sickness claim 19 human life, before there is on one of the Mariana Islands for fresh provisions. The tragedy: the Megellan passes close to a variety of Islands, which allows him and his team provide fresh food and water, had, without suspecting that they exist.

The Assassination Of Ferdinand Magellan’s (Woodcut)

Finally, the stocking land, the 150 remaining sailors, on 21. In March of 1521, the first Europeans in the Philippines – for Magellan, the end of the line. His goal is to take these rich Islands for Spain in possession, and possibly later, the Governor there for. “When he comes to the Philippines, he will pull such a crazy Show that natives in great numbers throwing to Christianity and Spain,” says historian Jostmann. However, not all of them. When Magellan tried to find a village to subordinate the military to throw, he will be on the 21. April from a poison arrow and lance bumps mortally wounded. Hastily, the remaining ships set sail. One of the ships must be sunk, because there is not enough seafarers are available.

The completion of the circumnavigation of the World

Under the command of Juan Sebastián Elcano, the two ships of the Philippines and finally to the spice Islands. There take finally the longed-for cargo on Board. Elcano chooses for the return journey the Route around the Cape of Good hope. The second remaining ship fails, on the Pacific Route.

Only one ship came back: a replica of Magellan’s “Victoria”

Almost three years after the expiry of the Molucca Armada of Magellan involuntarily commenced and not planned world ends rounding of Elcano full. On 6. September 1522 reached the “Victoria” to the Spanish port of Sanlúcar de Barrameda. Kapp 20 sailors survived the first historically documented circumnavigation of the World, and reap the glory. The West passage has been in the middle of the 16. Century, in honor of Ferdinand Magellan in his name: the Strait of Magellan.

In the 19th century. Century is stylized Magellan by many Intellectuals as a Hero and genius high. “Today is over, and also not justified,” says Christian Jostmann, especially with a view to colonization. “You have to understand him as a human being in his time.” Must acknowledge it, however, his ambition and his will. An occasion to celebrate the explorers, not for the historian.