Mali: Partner with problems


This Friday the Mali visited cal state President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Berlin. Both countries need each other for a number of reasons.

On your trip to Africa two years ago referred to Angela Merkel to the African continent as a “Central Partner of the European Union”. At the time, she said the Malian President Keita’s support for his country. “We want to make a contribution to the fact that Mali is stabilized, and a good development can take,” she said. The country in the West African part of the Sahel zone is not an economic Partner seen eye-to-eye, but still: How is Mali which has, indirectly, also impact on the Migration to Europe and internal security.

A country without peace, and perspectives

Mali – 3.5 times as big as Germany – is one of the main transit countries of refugees from West Africa, to Europe, and a not insignificant number of migrants are Malians.

A lot of Sand, few prospects: Mali has an extremely young population.

The bill of the government goes like this: If the country is good and it is able to offer its population perspectives, then the people in your home stay and not take the dangerous route across the Mediterranean sea to Europe, where they have only minimal chances to get asylum. But the country is not well. Rebels, terrorists and armed bandits make large parts of the country unsafe. Nowhere peace, nowhere to stay prospects.

Fear of terrorism and anarchy

Especially the North of the country is considered to be unsafe. There, hide the Thousands of Islamist terrorists, the spread at irregular intervals, with bomb attacks of terror.

Nomads against the Central government: Many of the Tuareg are disappointed

In January, for example, Islamists have attacked a base of the UN forces and ten peacekeepers were killed. For this purpose, groups of Tuareg nomads, who rebel against the Central government in Bamako come, in spite of years of negotiated peace agreement. In many country, state authority is almost non – existent-lines in the North of Mali, no police, hardly any soldiers, no functioning authorities. It is not surprising that the local population away from the Central government.

Thousands of Europeans for security

It is of European and African soldiers, in 2013 there for security and peace maintain in the first place. Without their presence, the citizens would flare up the war again.

German soldiers on behalf of the UN for peace

The 12,000 blue helmets are coming on behalf of the United Nations in the country, including 1000 French combat troops specialized in the fight against terrorists. Up to 1,000 German soldiers in Mali service, either as peacekeepers or as trainers of the Malian army. In spite of all the efforts it needs, above all, political progress, and can only achieve the Malian government. You must resolve the conflicts between nomadic tribes and farmers and the Tuareg rebels to pacify. But she is not able to.

Mali’s government needs to do more

About Angela Merkel will speak with President Keita. Because the Germans did not want to lead the dangerous mission in Mali for an indefinite period of time. A prerequisite for political progress.

Should not stay long in Mali: the soldiers of The Bundeswehr

For your Mali visit in November, defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen had made it clear to the Malian Prime Minister, Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga, very clearly, “that the Malian government take on more responsibility and seriously has to do with the promised political reforms.” The Chancellor will select in Berlin, and it diplomati scissors words as their Minister, in the matter, but it is probably exactly the same.