The threat of US punitive duties, driving bans for Diesel, the new fuel consumption figures for the Car-registration – 2018 was for the German car maker is difficult. In the crisis do not yet have. From Berlin, Sabine Kinkartz.
Anyone who drives a car in Germany with a modern diesel engine, the threaten in the coming year restrictions. In 65 cities and municipalities, the limit value for nitrogen oxides of 40 micro is exceeded gram per cubic meter of air. Courts have ordered that there should be in these regions, driving bans for diesel cars. Concerned motorists have little choice. If you want to stay mobile, you need to buy a new car or until 2020 to wait.
For So long it will take, namely, to so-called Hardware to be retrofit to be feasible. The automakers, this is just right. The cause of the diesel crisis have played from the beginning to time. In the hope that most of the affected diesel drivers will eventually wear them down. Because buying a new car even with the prospect of the exchange premium the coffers of the manufacturer ringing. A retrofit gives you cost only.
Electric car? No, Diesel!
For the new acquisition of the Association of the German car industry (VDA), a clear recommendation. “We are campaigning to ensure that the diesel share is growing,” said VDA President Bernhard Mattes. Modern Diesel passenger Cars of Euro-6d-temp-Norm would also have values on the road, very low nitrogen oxide (NOX). “Today, there are over 1200 models, gasoline and Diesel, on the market, more than 700 of them come from German group brands”, says Matt. Two-thirds of the Diesel, which were approved in November in Germany, according to the VDA, the Euro-6d-temp.
On Monday, the Chancellor with citizens spoke to master about the air pollution in the cities
The recent sharp fall in Diesel share of new registrations had to be for reasons of climate protection are rising, argues Matt. “We are not allowed to adjust the view on the CO2 before a loud discussion about nitrogen dioxide”. Diesel-drives emit more nitrogen dioxide, spread but is less climate-damaging carbon dioxide than gasoline. The future of cars is mainly electric, so Matt, but the debate should not be on an “either-or” shortened. “The internal combustion engine is still used for a long time.”
There is a lack of charging stations
But for how long? Volkswagen has now given a concrete plan to withdraw data. “In the year 2026 the last product launch begins on a nitro platform,” said VW chief strategist Michael Jost at a meeting of the trade sheet in Wolfsburg. VW set in the future, drives the entire industry to be used mainly on electric and expect to sell the last glow of about 2040. Accordingly, the last new models are expected to come in diesel or Diesel in the early 2030er-years on the market.
According to the diesel crisis, Volkswagen focuses on the electric drive
VDA President Matt sees big hurdles in the growth of electric mobility, however, is still defective conditions in Germany. In particular, the charging infrastructure must be further developed. Currently, Germany has 13.500 publicly accessible charging points, only 900 of which are for the rapid Charge suitable. While in Oslo, 450 inhabitants share a charging station, in Berlin, 4500. In many other EU countries the charging infrastructure is still less pronounced, as Matt.
Each second electric car in the EU comes from Germany
The VDA President emphasised that the German automotive industry have done their homework. “They tripled in the next three years, your offer to E-models to 100. Invested in until then, 40 billion euros in alternative drive systems and is the leader in alternative drive patents.” Worldwide, every third Patent in the area of electro-mobility and hybrid drive comes from Germany.
Basically, the car makers have to make well to your business. The Institute for transport research at the German center for air and space travel in a current study, the result is that individual mobility will continue to increase. 2040 passenger Car in Germany would drive fewer miles, but with 700 billion kilometres, eleven percent more than in 2010.
VDA with the sales figures, satisfied
2018 were approved in Germany, about 3.4 million cars. This was a decrease of one percentage point. In the light of the new emission standards by the name of WLTP, the did, in fact, made problems, was the pleasing, VDA President, Matt. The manufacturers were forced to cut back in September to their production, because they had all the models of the approval. For the next year, the VDA expects a little less than 3.4 million new registrations and a further Minus of one percent. However, this can be more than the average of the past five years.
In the meantime, the car can feel the wind, which was sparked by the trade conflict between China and the United States. The Export of German manufacturers from the USA to China had declined in the first ten months of this year by a third, says the VDA. “The Chinese passenger Car market is since months in decline,” notes Matt. The car of the world market stagnating at around 85 million new registrations for passenger cars.
Daimler CEO Dieter Zetsche in Washington after the conversation with Trump
German car bosses in Washington
Also, the US President, Donald Trump threatened import duties on German cars are still on the table. On Tuesday the bosses of Volkswagen, Daimler and the chief financial officer of BMW had come to Washington to talk with U.S. President Donald Trump. From the side of the car bosses said afterwards that the conversation had been “constructive” and had made “a big step forward in order to avoid the customs duties”.
VDA President Matt evaluated the visit to the White house a little differently: “they have spoken about their plans for the US market, on trade issues,” said the head of the VDA. This is not unusual, even in Germany, the industry talking to the government about your site plans. Also, the Federal government rushed on Wednesday to put the conversation of the German automotive Manager with U.S. President Trump. “These talks have an entrepreneurial Background,” said the Deputy government spokesperson Ulrike Demmer in Berlin. “You are separate from trade policy Considerations.” On the political level, the responsibility for commercial spent questions to the EU Commission. Nevertheless, it is encouraging to hear that the Meeting was run in a good atmosphere.
Electric mobility will cost over 100,000 Jobs
What are the breaks the car industry, make-to-date Figures clearly presented by the Institute for labour market and occupational research (IAB) on Wednesday. Thus will disappear by switching from combustion to electric engines, tens of thousands of Jobs. “In the year 2035, just under 114,000 places will be due to the changeover to the electric drive for passenger Cars have been lost,” explained the Institute. The economy is likely to go lost around 20 billion euros, which corresponds to approximately 0.6 percent of real gross domestic product.
A study of the IG Metall and the automotive industry had already come in June to the result that in the case of a reversal on electric cars – in a relatively favourable case, the bottom line is that approximately 75,000 of currently 210.000 Jobs in the drive technology could be eliminated.
The IAB investigation, alone in the vehicle with as many as 83,000 jobs will be lost. “Other industries are also affected and must reduce to 30,000.” At the same time, nearly 16,000 new Jobs will be created, for example in the building industry, electricity providers, or in Parts of the Service sector and the Manufacturing sector.