Afghanistan: deportation practice of the EU member States

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Activists demand from the EU countries, the stop deportations to Afghanistan. The violence against civilians is rising again, and yet some of the governments of asylum seekers sent back to the end of there.

Samira Hamidi protesting in front of the European Parliament: Keep Afghans Safe

Samira Hamidi of Amnesty International is aware of the Situation of Afghans in their homeland. There, it often means life or death. Hamidi lives in the war gebeuteltem country all her life. Most of the time you worked there as an activist for women’s rights, before a few months ago in South Asia-office of Amnesty International as a regional officer began. “You’re leaving in the Morning the house and do not know if you’re safe and back in one piece,” says Hamidi.

This fear is also reflected in the statistics, which the UN assistance mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) published recently. It shows that this year more people were killed than in the same period of the previous year.

To survive, the probability is for the people who have not grown up on the harsh streets of Afghanistan, is still low. This is one of the reasons why Hamidi heads the campaign #KeepAfghansSafe (Keep Afghans safe) of the Amnesty. You want to suspend the forced return of Afghans from countries of the European Union.

“Unjust and unfair”

“Afghanistan is extremely unstable,” says Hamidi, the DW on a Demonstration in Brussels. “Minors – not to send little boys and girls who were not even born in Afghanistan, in a country that you know of; send people back, the long and difficult journeys to find a better life – this is unjust and unfair.”

Amnesty has documented cases of return from Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. Back in Afghanistan, some of them were killed. Virtually all lived in continuous fear. “Among the forcibly returned Afghan unaccompanied children and young adults, who were at the time of their arrival in Europe children,” the report says. “Some of these people, the Amnesty International for the report were interviewed, and were sent into regions of Afghanistan, you know, apart from the dangerous Situation, and impunity for crimes such as torture.”

Number of removals to Afghanistan rises

The way that Afghan asylum seekers are treated, varies greatly between the EU countries. The European refugee Council (ECRE) has compiled a report that calls the current policy “uneven”. In 2016, the number of deportation of Afghans increased significantly.

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Deported – and then?

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Deported – and then?

ECRE describes Norway as a country to be to become the kind of “proud” of his notes, one of the “strictest countries in Europe” to Afghans. In contrast, there were from Germany since 2005, “almost no deportations to Afghanistan,” said ECRE. However, in December 2016, the German government began to identify Afghans as a group, could be deported. As the violence in Afghanistan to rise again, in 2017, suspended the deportations, although short. Subsequently, aircraft with rejected Afghans – according to Amnesty international, in 2016 in the 15 class since December, some 350 Afghans deportations deported. Currently, Germany is pushing, according to the Federal government only so-called offenders and Criminals.

The ECRE report makes something else clear: There is evidence that many of these deported Afghans were integrated well, learnt German, and Jobs had to be found. Those who had to leave Norway, were mostly only just arrived.

Children back to Afghanistan

ECRE also points to Norwegian press reports, according to which Norway has brought more kids to Afghanistan than any other country – 37 this year alone. An article in the “Norway Today” quotes the Afghan refugee Ministry: Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom have signed bilateral agreements to rejected asylum-seekers to return. Norway and the Netherlands gave in 2016, also children to deport.

The Dutch MEP Judith Sargentini of the group of the Greens complains of the governments in the European Union to break with the deportations to a war zone by their own laws. EU countries that send Afghans back injured from the international legal principle of “Non-refoulement” – the involuntary expulsion of a Person in an area “where the risk to their life or freedom”.

Judith Sargentini want the deportations to stop after Afghanistan

Sargentini was also criticized two years ago between Brussels and Kabul signed a “Joint Way Forward”agreement. You described the contract as a prospect of development aid, the EU governments, rich facilitated the Return of rejected asylum seekers.

“It’s crazy,” she says of the DW. “The ‘Joint Way Forward’agreement suggested that we would establish a comprehensive reintegration system. But how ‘integrated’ you people in a country that is every day more insecure? People just don’t want to be there? This is simply impossible.” Sargentini added that she has heard the stories of deported youth, the sleep between the heroin addict under the bridge.

Death and persecution in the old country

Najeeb Azad has heard such stories, too. The 26-year-old Afghan, is currently completing a Master’s degree in Amsterdam. “There was a returnee from the UK who was killed in Afghanistan,” says Azad. “Another was sent from Hamburg back, and committed suicide in Kabul.”

Azad himself was not able to visit his home to Ghazni for the past nine years. He belongs to the ethnic minority Hazara. His whole family had to flee from the Taliban, he reports the DW. “Now I have family in London and Australia – to Australia, they came by boat,” says Azad. Currently, the victims of violence calls in record numbers height. “We are all the time concerned when there are explosions,” said Azad. “We call again and again every single friend.” For his countrymen he joins the #KeepAfghansSafe campaign.

Maybe its use is effective. According to anise Kassar, a spokesman for the European Asylum support office, would make the EU governments this year more places for Afghan asylum-seekers. In addition, would be allowed to stay in the past year, 30 percent of Afghans in the country, in the asylum asked, Kassar. For the first six months of 2018, the number had increased to 43 percent.